Buffalo is a three-way type of animal that provides milk, meat and draught. Buffalo has resistance to common bovine diseases, shows superior weight gain than cattle it produces high-quality milk and meat products.
25 Facts About Buffalo
1. Comparison between African Buffalo and Asian buffalo
The term buffalo usually refers to the cap or African buffalo as well as the Asian water buffalo. The major difference between these animals and American buffalo is that while the former is mostly dark and the letter has thick silky fur.
2. African buffaloes have ranks
The African buffalo’s social structure is complicated, and it is based on what scientists describe as a power structure. The size, strength and maturity of Buffalo and their relationship with other group members determine their leadership. This employs powerful males and females to control the social stability of that group.
3. Buffaloes communicate with each other through vocalizations
according to researchers, American buffaloes used five distinct vocal sounds to interact with other animals or two interact with each other. The herd is directed to migrate by loop with sounds seconds apart. African buffalo have also been heard producing extended Maa noises as they approach drinking holes. Researchers also believe that the sound is simply an expression of happiness, satisfaction and anticipation.
4. Buffaloes give birth only during the rainy season
ok before delivering their baby buffalo carry their pregnancy for roughly around 11 months, and it happens only during the wet season. Newborn calves have a greater chance of living during the rainy season because there is more food and drinkable water present compared to the dry season. Calves spend about a year with their moms before becoming more self-sufficient within the herd.
5. African buffaloes vote
scientists have uncovered a strange event in female African buffalo. They seem to vote on which way the herd should move. This animal sits on the floor during rest periods and facing where they believe the herd should migrate when the resting period is over the herd travels in the direction the most of the herd was pointing out. The most interesting thing about this behavior is that it seems to be so coordinated and the dominant hierarchy doesn’t seem to affect how each buffalo votes.
6. Buffaloes are unpredictable
African buffaloes unlike other species have never been tamed. In addition to its massive size, lethal set of horns, and absence of predators, it makes it a wild species worthy of respect for its position in the animal world.
7. A buffalo’s weight is the same as that of your car
the shape and weight of the buffalo are of two characteristics that set them apart. They are in fact not America’s largest animal. Bulls can weigh up to 2000 pounds and measure up to 12 feet long and 6 feet tall. The large carry-on top of their heads comprises robust powerful muscles aiding snow removal. It also helps limit neck and head rotation. As their heads can weigh up to 75 pounds.
8. The horns of the African buffalo tell a lot of stories
the end parts of the adult male buffalo’s covered horns are so close that they join. These forms are a covering under the head known as a boss. The boss is not present in the horns of female buffaloes, which allows for easy distinguishing between the male and female spaces also, the size of the horns and how big and thick they are contributed to how they are ranked in the dominance hierarchy of the pack of animals. The larger the horn size, the higher the rank of the buffalo is.
9. The buffalo does not forgive a wrong
African buffalo is second only to the elephant in terms of memory. While Elephant never forgets, a buffalo never forgives. Many hunting stories tell of injured buffaloes that trapped hunters who were following them or had assaulted them in the past. They return to their tracks to stand in wait for the hunters. In Africa, they kill more humans than any other animals. They have also been known to attack young lions from Pride that they have previously attacked and killed members of their group.
10. The oxpecker and the buffalo are in a relationship
the ox pecker lives in a sub-Sahara African and has a symbiotic relationship with the large mammals around them. This includes antelopes, giraffes, zebras, rhinoceros and Cape buffalo. It is not entirely clear if what the oxpecker and its host are engaged in is symbiotic or semi parasitic.
11. Cape buffalo don’t move more than 10 miles away from their water source
Cape buffaloes can’t go for long periods without drinking, and they’re seldom more than 10 miles from a source of drinking water. In the warmer months, they wrap themselves in mud and roll around. This helps them to avoid insect bites and crash the ones on them.
12. The African Buffalo Caffer
the African buffalo is the only native African mammal member of the bovini tribe that includes wild and domestic cattle, American bison etc.
13. Showing aggression
African buffalo will often kneel down and rub their neck and heads on the ground in a display of aggression to established dominance.
14. About their eyesight
African buffalo do not have very good eyesight but their hearing and specially their smell is exceptional.
15. Given the title “Black Death
the old aged saying is that an Elephant never forgets well a buffalo never forgives. There are many hunting tales that mention wounded buffalo setting ambitious for Hunters that follow or have attacked them in the past few years by circling back on their own tracks to stand and wait for the Hunters that are tracking them this has earned them the title “Black Death”.
16. Not the fastest animal
Although not the fastest bovine at 35 mph African buffalo can still outrun lions. However, predators can accelerate quicker, making the buffalo easy to ambush.
17. More about African buffalo
when the buffalo aren’t fighting off the occasional lion, they are eating grass and lots of it. It forms the bulk of their diet. Like cows, buffalo chew cud to further extract nutrients.
18. Herd mentality
African buffalo are Hardy critters; they are able to live and flourish in many habitats from semi-arid bushland to coaster savannas to lowland rainforest as long as they are close to a water body and water sources. They are found starting in Southwest Ethiopia and through Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia etc. They are also present in South Africa and along the Southwest coast in countries like the west African countries of Guinea, Sierra, Liberia coast Ghana and the southern parts of Burkina Faso.
19. Buffalo spend most of the years in herds
Buffalo spends most of the year in herds of anywhere between 50 to 500, but the number jumps up into the thousands during the rainy season. Meanwhile, calves spend up to a year and a half feeding and are completely dependent on their mothers during this time.
20. Horns and hooves
Buffaloes are considered one of the big five. But term grouping them with Leopard, Rhinoceros Elephants, and Lions are the most dangerous animals to hunt in Africa. Hunting websites refer to the buffalo as “Black Death” for their dangerous personality. They are known to be unpredictable.
21. Human crops and cattle
African buffalo are considered threatened by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, which determines the conservation listings for species because its number has been decreasing day by day. There are about 400000 adult buffalo in Africa according to the IUCN.
22. About 2018
a South African big game hunter was gored to death. When a buffalo blindsided after he shot and killed another member of the herd two other professional Hunters were killed by Cape buffalo in Zimbabwe in 2012.
23. Roaming around North America
the American Bison or American buffalo once roamed the continent of North America in such mass that a galloping herd would leave a black swathe of trodden soil in its wake.
24. Hide themselves
they would drape themselves in wolf hides and crawl close enough to use a bow and arrow this technique worked only with herds of bachelor males who did not fear wolves.
25. Native Americans
the Native Americans had great respect for the buffalo. And some believe in a deity with the head of a buffalo called Tatanka. The word was also used as the word for buffalo in many Sioux American societies.
Buffaloes are a domestic kind of animal and they are very useful to us as they provide many things to us, like milk, and meat. Farmers also use buffaloes in the field for transportation and plowing.